What Is Food Waste?
Food waste, includes all food products which are manufactured for human consumption that include the ones which are not consumed due to their color, shape or over production even there is no problem from being healthy or the ones which are half eaten, left on the plate or thrown to the trash.
The Reasons of Food Waste:
In developing countries, food wastes and losses occur mainly in the early stages of the food value chain and can be traced to financial, managerial and technical constraints in harvesting techniques. In developed and industrialized countries, it is mostly at retail and consumer levels. At retail level; Because of the quality standards such as color and shape, the so-called ‘ugly g foods turn into waste even though there is no problem in terms of health consumption.
Food waste is caused by restaurants, restaurants and cafes preparing more food than the customer can consume. The food left on the plate goes to the garbage because it cannot be reused and forgiven for health reasons. At the individual level, the differences between the last consumption date and the recommended last consumption date labels are not known, and over-shopping leads to food waste.
Food Waste Rates Across the World and Turkey:
Although 925 million of the 7 billion people in the world are hungry, food that will feed 3 billion people a year is wasted. According to food groups, 40-50% of fruits and vegetables, 30% of cereals, oil seeds, 20% of meat and milk group and 35% of fish are thrown into the trash every year.
Food losses and wastes amounted to approximately $ 680 billion in industrialized countries and $ 310 billion in developing countries. In Turkey, this figure exceeds 214 million, according to 2015 figures. Only 3% of the resulting food waste is recycled.
Therefore, in September 2015, the United Nations adopted the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). One of these targets is to halve global food waste per capita at retail and consumer levels by 2030, and to reduce food losses across production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.
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